Monday 13 January 2020

Vaccination Benefits and Evolution

Vaccination Benefits and Evolution:Know Your Lifestyle
Vaccination Benefits and Evolution

Vaccines have the potency to protect humans from severe diseases like pneumonia, chickenpox, meningitis, hepatitis, etc. These chronic infections can cause a lot of suffering and even lead to complication.

Some viruses can also stay in dormant forms and cause severe damage to the organs infected — for example, measles induced encephalitis, liver cirrhosis from hepatitis virus, etc.
Vaccines are so effective that, if given on time, they can save lives.

They can also prevent the resurgence of the germ in a different form. E.g. the varicella vaccine given in childhood can prevent chickenpox in the child and can later protect him from the virus re-emerging as shingles in adulthood.


Shingles caused when the dormant chickenpox virus gets reactivated in adulthood. So, doctors often recommend a booster chickenpox vaccine in high dose for those who have already had chickenpox. I eliminate the risk of getting infected again.

Vaccination versus better hygiene 


Improvements in health and hygiene of course help, but vaccination outweighs them all. Adequate availability of medical aid and antibiotics has indeed reduced fatalities due to diseases. Vaccines, however, have a significant impact because after all, prevention is better than cure. Thanks to these inventions, many of the infectious sicknesses have almost disappeared.

Some of the diseases which had deadly outcomes before the introduction of vaccines are –

•   Smallpox
•   Diphtheria
•   Whooping cough
•   Measles
•   Tetanus, etc.

Introduction of toxoid vaccines ensured a dramatic drop in diphtheria affected cases. 

On the other hand, better hygiene is not that effective if there is no vaccination. Polio is one such example. Even though people maintained good health, there was a significant increase in polio, which resulted in deaths.

Many children had paralysis and consequent death from Polio infections. After the introduction of vaccines, the disease has curtailed

What about the recent complaints against vaccinations?


The past three decades have experienced an increase in the number of people developing autoimmune and allergic diseases. Although some people blame vaccines for this, there’s no substantial evidence to support their claim.

Some people are allergic to a particular component of a vaccine, but this is also very rare.

Do vaccines have the same benefits during pregnancy?


Inactivated vaccines are safe to take during pregnancy.

The risks are as low as seen in the average population, and the side effects are usually mild. It has not established that vaccines have caused any congenital disabilities. The inactivated vaccines if administered to a pregnant woman, keep the unborn baby and the mother safe from several infections, like influenza.

However, doctors strictly avoid recommending live, weakened vaccines for pregnant women as there is a possibility of the live viruses getting transmitted into the foetus, thus causing complications in the baby. Note that this has no evidence as well.

Existing vaccines can be made more useful in the coming years!


There is a promising chance that the present vaccines can be modified and used in newer ways. For example, DNA vaccines may soon be developed. These will consist of a DNA coding for a particular antigen. DNA itself produces the antigen and generates an immune response.

Making vaccines more Effective 


Technologies are introducing to make vaccines more powerful. Vaccines usually administered once often tend to fade away with age. So, it will be made more effective so that one can avoid taking multiple shots of the same. Plant-based edible vaccines are still under research that will have lesser side effects and more benefits.